Geschichte der berliner mauer

Please note: zum the particular openings und closings also as die special protective measures during die pandemic, check the websites of the museums and memorials.

Du schaust: Geschichte der berliner mauer

© Landesarchiv Berlin
For more than 28 year East und West berlin were separated by in almost insurmountable Wall. Not only go it divide families and friends however it so brought viel pain und suffering to the city. Weist least 136 civilization lost their lives here, mostly wie man attempting to flee from ost to West. Die joy which accompanied the fall of the wall ~ above 9th november 1989 generated a feeling of euphoria in which ns majority von border write-ups disappeared. There are only a couple of original relics left. Die following round-up is intended kommen sie help with die search zum evidence. Bei addition, it will provide in insight into ns history von the Wall und highlight ns dramatic occasions that took location on 9th november 1989.

The wall surface – the Background up zu its Construction an 1961

As beforehand as throughout the course of ns Second World war the Allies had resolved kommen sie divide Germany, when defeated, into occupation zones and allow the country zu be administered by the victorious powers, that is, die USA, good Britain and the USSR. France only came on plank as die fourth occupying power after die Yalta Conference an February 1945. At die Conference held bei Potsdam at die beginning of august 1945, the victorious powers approved the four zones und the 4 sectors des Berlin, die eastern boundary follow me the heu Neiße line also as ns economic unit von Germany. Nevertheless, the erste signs des the Cold zu sein were already becoming evident. An the Western and the Eastern area a really different pattern des development evolved. Bei May 1949 die Federal Republic von Germany was established with bonner as its capital city; in the October des that year ns German autonomous Republic was formed (GDR). Ns borders were still open however they were being watched. However, this situation was set zu undergo a quick change. Bei a number von operations, one von which went by the (telling) name of “Vermin“, persons who, an the eyes of the Socialist Unity party (SED), to be “not to be trusted” to be forcibly expelled from die border area. Although controls on ns internal German boundaries were tightened, berlin still continued to offer a good escape route weil das people fleeing from east to West. Die Soviet leader regarded cost-free West berlin as a “splinter“ bei the heart of “socialist Europe“ the had zu be removed. Bei the spring des 1961 ns economic situation in the GDR worsened dramatically. There was a significant increase in the flow of refugees. It seemed that ns GDR was on the brink von collapse, both economic und political. Thousands of people were turning their backs on ns country.

The Building von the wall – 13th ehrenvoll 1961

The summit talks bolzen Nikita Khrushchev, party Chief and Soviet Head des State, und the American President john F. Kennedy on 3rd und 4th June 1961 bei Vienna failed kommen sie defuse tensions in the Cold War. Top top 15th June 1961 SED chef Walter Ulbricht was still trying zu dispel rumours that West berlin was to be sealed off. “Nobody has any intention of erecting a wall“, that announced. Bei the at an early stage hours von 13th august 1961 this was exposed together a piece von lying propaganda. Under conditions des the strictest secrecy – just a few hundred officials and civil servants are stated to oase known ns date – equipped workers’ militia groups, police und soldiers embarked on the construction des a obstacle made indigenous concrete blocks und barbed kabel across the city along ns boundary between the sectors von East und West Berlin. The West’s response was initially how amazing low-key. It was only 2 days letztere that die West’s commanders in the stadt were motivated kommen sie launch a protest.


ns Wall approximately West berlin was a total of 156.4 kilometres an length; the border between West and East berlin accounted zum 43.7 kilometres von it. 13th ehrenvoll 1961 may have been die day ns Wall was built. All traffic routes between West and East berlin were cut, yet it was several job before bei almost finish cordon was in place. ns demolition von the internal city wall, which commenced on 10th november 1989 with the opening up of new border cross points, was officially completed on 30th november 1990. in the bordering area of brandenburg the last sections disappeared an November 1991. Some des the sections von the wall tun können be uncovered today in different places throughout ns world. Die US mystery Service, ns CIA, secured a few artistically decorated segments des the wall weil das its building A few segments von the wall surface with St. Michael’s Church painted top top them were erected in the Vatican Gardens bei August 1994. an additional piece of the wall zu sein on view an the House of History (‘Haus das Geschichte’) an Bonn. According kommen sie research lugged out von the Centre for Research into contemporary History and the berlin Wall Memorial website - betwee 1961 und 1989 weist least 136 human being were eliminated on the berlin Wall ... or lost their lives bei circumstances in which die GDR border regime was directly implicated. in addition, weist least 48 tourists from East und West passed away before, throughout or after check at berlin crossing points.

The Circumstances bordering the fall of the berlin Wall

The surprise opening des the barriers at a number of berlin border cross points on the evening von 9th november 1989 ist frequently stood for as die result von misunderstandings within ns leadership of east Germany. In fact, there to be a number des events that preceded ns stampede of thousands von GDR citizen who fell upon ns completely unprepared border guards, and the importance of these events in terms von world background could not be foreseen at ns time.

1989 –Year des Upheaval: ns Opening von the Border an Hungary

On second May 1989 Hungarian border soldiers began dismantling ns barbed kabel fence bolzen Hungary and Austria under die supervision of the foreign Ministers of both countries. I was sure that die border would continue kommen sie be secured, ns GDR pass this off as just a “cosmetic border operation“. Initially there was no adjust to the situation. Even though it had actually acceded to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status des Refugees, Hungary was ausblüten deporting GDR escapees zurück to your homeland. The situation only began zu change over the kurse of die following few weeks. Von mid-July it was being progressively reported the refugees from ns GDR were being handed end to ns GDR authorities on fewer and fewer occasions. Finally, top top 19th August, ns Iron Curtain betwee East und West opened up after more than 4 decades of the Cold War. On ns occasion des a “Pan-European Picnic“, ns border gate zu Austria was opened weil das three hrs on 19th August. Much more than 600 GDR citizens make use von this opportunity to flee into die West. And, an other places, tens of thousands of people wanting zu leave were waiting zum their chance. The Embassy von the federal Republic von Germany an Budapest was hopelessly crammed und the same was true bei Prague and Warsaw. Beginning on 11th September, Hungary opened its boundaries up zu citizens von the GDR. An the first three days alone, 18 000 des them make their means into Austria and from over there on into ns Federal Republic von Germany.

Embassy Refugees

During die summer of 1989, more and more GDR citizen attempted zu leave zum the west via die Embassies von the commonwealth Republic of Germany in Prague, Warsaw und Budapest. An September des that year a particularly dramatic situation arose an Prague, through 3 500 people jostling in the structure and in the garden. The GDR management saw their celebrations to markierung the 40th anniversary of the founding des the Republic ~ above 7th October in jeopardy, whilst die Federal German government was anxious to do what the could zu help the people. Zu scenes von indescribable jubilation, international Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher announced, top top 30th September, the all embassy refugees might leave. Because by now enhancing numbers of GDR citizens were occupying die Embassy, trains to be laid on over the next couple of days kommen sie carry a total of 17 000 refugees from Prague to die Federal Republic von Germany via the GDR. On third October the GDR close up door its boundaries to ns ČSSR. On fourth October a serious problem with the police erupted at the hauptsächlich station in Dresden when thousands of extra human being tried to board die trains.

Monday Demonstrations

Rumours were also rife internally in the GDR. The stadt of Leipzig, v its Monday Demonstrations, became die symbol des the relaxed Revolution. On 4th September an initial demonstration by around 1 200 human being took place following die Monday prayers weil das peace an St. Nicholas’ Church. Demonstrators anxious zu leave shouted “We desire out!“ two weeks later it was ns choir, chanting “We are staying here!” that prevailed. Arrests to be made. Von 2nd October there to be 20 000 civilization taking part in the Monday Demonstrations. It ist here that the slogan that ultimately became deswegen meaningful “We are ns people! “was chanted for the zuerst time, conceived originally simply as a response to die loudspeaker notice “This is the People’s Police”. ~ above 23rd October die number von participants had risen zu 300 000. Bei the wake des church services bei Magdeburg, Dresden, Schwerin, Zwickau, Halle, Stralsund und Berlin too, thousands von people took the opportunity kommen sie demand free elections, authorisation von opposition groups und freedom kommen sie travel. The turn of the tide in the GDR was von now unstoppable, even if at ns time no-one might yet imagine that ns Wall would kommen sie down quickly.

The Events des 9th November: A normal Everyday Meeting des the main Committee

On ns morning des 9th november the main Committee of the zustand Party, ns SED, met for one des its constant meetings. Ns 231 members and candidates from every parts von the GDR were kommen sie debate economic policy, ns authorisation of the Änderung Movement ‘New Forum’ as well as a neu version des a take trip law. As regards the zuerst draft (which had actually been rejected über the relevant committee of the People’s Chamber des the GDR Parliament) over there was jetzt to be a irreversible right zu leave the country und to undertake privatgelände journeys away from ns GDR. Die Czech government in particular had exerted solid pressure on die East berlin leadership to halt the flow des refugees leaving the GDR durch their country. For this reason the neu travel law was rubber-stamped über the central Committee at around 4pm without any type of discussion.

Schabowski hinweisen the press Conference hinweisen 6.53 pm

An hour letztere Günter Schabowski, ns acting spokesman weil das the Politburo von the main Committee des the SED, that had notfall been present at ns Meeting von the central Committee, received die draft of the travel Act native SED general Secretary Egon Krenz. Schabowski recalls Krenz saying “This möchte make a big splash“. Schabowski rushed right into the international Press Conference with ns text. Then, at 6.50 pm, uttered ns crucial sentences: “And for this factor we have (er) decided zu implement (er) a regulation that wollen make it possible for any citizen des the GDR (er) kommen sie travel past (er) GDR border cross points“. On being asked by in Italian correspondent wie the neu regulation was scheduled to come into force, Schabowski rummaged around in his papers und spluttered:

Right trost to die present work Egon Krenz has constantly maintained that die paper bearing the new travel regulation was confidential information and bore a note to this effect. That was not until ns morning of the complying with day – at four o’clock exactly – the the news was to schutz been transfer on GDR radio. Schabowski danach dismissed this version as a stunner idea. “No way could they schutz issued a declare to the world press several hrs before, then decided to siegel their lips, typewriters und telephones by means of an ‘embargo’. Not even the GDR Press, accustomed together it was zu orders, would tolerate being trussed trost like that“, that declared.

Newsflash soon after 7.00 pm

Shortly after ~ 7.00 pm the zuerst newsflashes native western news agencies, screaming “GDR opens die border”, to be coming over ns ticker. ARD Television’s taste news broadcast, “Tagesschau“, so began that broadcast weist 8.00 pm with this truly sensational item of news. A quick time later the zuerst hundred human being were elbowing their way through at ns crossing points hinweisen Bornholmer Straße und Heinrich-Heine-Straße. Top top the böse Bridge the zuerst few individuals were let with to ns West weist around 9.30 pm. This were, von all accounts, ”provocative persons“. According to an instruction from die Ministry weil das State defense (Stasi), these persons were to oase their passport photographs stamped so that they might be refuse re-entry to die GDR. ‘’The GDR citizens experienced that us were enabling a couple of people to leave“, recalled sublieutenant Colonel Harald Jäger who was on passport regulate duty in the Bornholmer Straße. ”They didn’t evaluate why. They assumed it was happening there und then“. Quickly after 11.00 pm the number von people hinweisen this crossing suggest alone increased kommen sie 20 – 30,000 after ns ARD daily roundup had announced the”opening des all die borders“. In view of the pressure, ns border officials were forced zu suspend checks.

©, Foto: Dagmar Schwelle
Berlin wall Memorial

There has been a Memorial Ensemble on ns Bernauer Straße between the districts of Wedding und the main Area due to the fact that the ende of the 1990s. These incorporate the berlin Wall Memorial Site, the berlin Wall Documentation Centre follow me with die Chapel von Reconciliation. Right here one section of the wall surface has to be rebuilt an its initial location. Over there is in exhibition und a an excellent deal of die info die Wall. Bei excellent view kann be acquired from a the town hall tower. Die Chapel von Reconciliation was built over ns foundations von the choir des the Church von Reconciliation that was blown up an 1985. Those who died on die Wall space remembered below on Tuesdays to Fridays native 12.00 – 12.15 pm

After considerable renovation, the berlin Wall Memorial Documentation Centre will reopen ~ above 9 november 2014 through its neu permanent exhibition "1961|1989: The berlin Wall", covering the history von the berlin Wall from its starts to ns present.


Documentation Centre opening Hours:

April – October: 9.30 in – 7.00 pm

November – March: 9.30 in – 6.00 pm

Closed Mondays

Free entrance

Berlin Wall history Mile

The berlin Wall history Mile ist a permanent exhibition an four languages. At 31 different stations along die inner stadt Wall Trail, the tells die story von the partition, ns building von the Wall, und the opening up des the Wall. It attributes historical photos and texts the describe die events that took place hinweisen each von the locations and illustrate both die political situation und everyday life in the separated city. In the city centre ns former course of the berlin Wall is marked v a double row des cobblestones und cast steel plaques set in the ground “Berlin wall 1961–1989“. über following ns markings, traces des the border posts are discernible top top foot.


Some plaque locations:Bornholmer meerenge / BösebrückeBernauer straße 48 and 78Chausseestraße / Corner des Liesen Straße“White Crosses“ Memorial website ReichstaguferPotsdamer PlatzHeinrich-Heine-StraßeSonnenallee

East next Gallery

Along ns Mühlenstraße bei Friedrichshain (close to the ost Station) there ist a work known as “Hinterlandmauer“ which was painted in 1990 by 118 artists, both men and women, native 21 countries. The images express the joy the greeted the fall of the berlin Wall. The actual border ran along ns Kreuzberg bank opposite. But in order zu quickly apprehend fugitives, ns standard arrangement of signal security fence, patrol road, searchlights und border protection fence was constructed along ns road behind the wall.

Permanent exhibition hinweisen Tränenpalast

The permanent exhibition an Berlins Tränenpalast, “GrenzErfahrungen. Alltag das deutschen Teilung” (Border Experience. Everyday life bei divided Germany), möchte offer initial exhibits together as alt observation cameras and interviews with time witnesses. The Tränenpalast (“Palace of Tears”) is in appropriate venue for that exhibition. It was built in 1962 as terminal building zum the departure from ost to west Berlin.

Opening hours:

Tuesday to Friday:  9 in – 7 pm,weekends: 10 in – 6 pmEntrance free.


Reichstagsufer 17, 10117 Berlin

S- und U-Bhf. Friedrichsstraße

Allied Museum

The ally Museum recounts the story des the west powers bei Berlin indigenous 1945 kommen sie 1994. One des the item on show bei the exhibition ist the world famous sentry post of Checkpoint Charlie an the Friedrichstraße / Zimmerstraße, and a number of other exhibits forming part des political, military and everyday history.

German-Russian Museum

On 8th may 1945 field Marshal general Keitel signed an unconditional surrender des the German equipped Forces in the Pionierschule which had been captured by the Red Army und which was subsequently die official headquarters von the Soviet military Administration. Die permanent exhibition depicts German-Soviet relations from 1917 to 1990; die museum primarily commemorates the war bei the East betwee 1941 und 1945.

Marienfelde refugees Centre

The historical location which ist the Memorial site features bei exhibition centring on die escape activity from one side of Germany to the other. West Berlin’s Marienfelde refugee centre was the zuerst port des call zum many fugitives from the GDR. 1.35 million human being were provided shelter below from 1953 to 1990. Ns exhibition provides info on what made world decide kommen sie flee und the routes they used weil das making your escape, the stages the fugitive had zu go through before being granted die status von refugee, the new start in the west und how the state security pressures used kommen sie spy ~ above refugees.

Wall Museum

This privatgelände museum is dedicated zu preserving ns memory von the Wall und is devoted kommen sie the international battle zum human rights. The exhibits include numerous items that were used by refugees and agents who aided them zu escape.

Asisi Panometer berlin

The fünfzehn metre (50 ft) high berlin Wall panorama created von famous artist Yadegar Asisi shows a panorama of jeden tag life on both sides von the berlin Wall ~ above a fictitious autumn day in the 1980s. Asisi, who lived in Berlin Kreuzberg himself in the 1980s, included east German soldiers ~ above border patrol but so graffiti artists, youngsters playing and drunks punkt a curry wurst stand in his artwork. Audio sequences and voices von contemporary witnesses complement die visual representation and create an authentic atmosphere.

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Friedrichstraße 205, 10117 Berlin-Mitte

Daily 10.00 am – 6.00 pm, last entrance 5.30 pmUnderground station (U-Bhf.) Kochstraße, bus M29, alight punkt Kochstraße

BlackBox Cold War

The BlackBox punkt Checkpoint charlie informs ns public on ns history von this most famous border cross point. With the use des large-format photos and numerous media stations, not only die impact von the berlin Wall on ns history of Germany ist illustrated, but also the entire international dimension des the division von both Germany und Europe will be make tangible. Responsible for inhalt is a network of international scientists. This need to help zu work up the conflict from a multinational perspective.




Friedrichstraße 47, 10117 Berlin

Daily 10 bei der – 6 pm, last entrance bis 5.30 pm

Underground station (U-Bhf.) Kochstraße, bus M29, alight weist Kochstraße

Günter Litfin Memorial Site

Günter Litfin was shot dead by members of the transport police top top 24th august 1961 if trying zu flee kommen sie West Berlin. He was the zuerst victim des targeted shooting on die border between East und West berlin after 13th ehrenvoll 1961. This Memorial Site zu sein dedicating to preserving die memory des Günter Litfin und all other victims of the SED dictatorship that were hurt or killed über the GDR border regime. Thanks kommen sie a private initiative, it has actually been possible kommen sie set hoch this memorial site an a structure that was formerly die operational headquarters zum GDR border troops.

Contact:Kieler straße 2, 10115 Berlin-MitteMarch zu October: Sunday zu Thursday 11.30 in – 2.00 pmUnderground terminal (U-Bhf.) Reinickendorfer Straße, bus 147

From the Memorial website a footpath and cycle means leads along ns Spandauer Schifffahrtskanal via ns historic Invalidenfriedhof Cemetery to the former border manage point weist Invalidenstraße.


The Invalidenfriedhof Cemetery was established bei 1748 von Friedrich ii of Prussia for the neighborhood housed in the Invalidenhaus. The cemetery is adjacent to the embankment wall von the Spandauer Schifffahrtskanal. The sector border verlief right through the middle of it. Ausblüten standing here heute are bei approx. 180 metre lang section des the one-time inner wall (’Hinterlandmauer’), ruptured bei a number des places, and a somewhat much longer section von the patrol road that sliced through ns Invalidenfriedhof Cemetery from 1975 onwards. In 2003 the sections des the wall were renovated by order des the state Office zum Historic Monuments and repainted an the colour plan typical des the east side of the inner wall surface - elongated white rectangles an a grey frame.



Not far from Scharnhorststraße bei the central part von Berlin, north von the federal Ministry von Economics.

Watchtower in the Erna-Berger-Straße (not much from the potsdam Platz)

The watchtower the stands on the Erna-Berger-Straße is one von the tonnage of the kind. Inside in iron ladder leads nach oben into die octagonal monitoring chamber. This type was used from 1969 onwards kommen sie secure the border on the berlin as well as die internal German border. This watchtower in the newly opened up Erna-Berger-Straße was located outside ns death strip und was used zum primary border security. This was ns point used zum monitoring die area between the structure that previously housed government departments (now the Federal Ministry des Finance), die Academy von Sciences des the GDR (today the berlin House of Representatives) und the inner wall on the Stresemannstraße. Because von the number of nooks and crannies, an extensive surveillance des this area was impossible. Bei the prozess of die redevelopment des the site bei the post-‘Wende’ (or ‘turning-point’) period, the tower had to be moved roughly eight metres towards die East.

Berlin wall surface Trail

The berlin Wall trail runs the whole length of the swathe of the Wall und encompasses ns entire western section von Berlin. This cycleway and footpath along the 180 kilometre lang section of the former border installations is, bei the main, fine constructed und has been almost complete due to the fact that 2005. With the exception of smaller sections, ns stretch zu sein asphalted all ns way along. The berlin Wall trace leads primarily over (still existing) former customs and patrol courses or newly-built routes in the border strip, otherwise on windy traffic locations running parallel to ns border.

To help with making arrangements zum a cycle reisen or a walk, the berlin Wall Trail zu sein divided hoch into 14 individual sections. This are bolzen seven and 21 kilometres in length.

© monument Berlin-Hohenschönhausen
Friedrichstraße Station

Following a short-lived transition schritt that came into force automatically after die building des the Wall was commenced on 13th ehrenvoll 1961, ns Friedrichstraße station, which was located exactly on die sector border, was split right into a number of strictly segregated areas. Progressively walls and a suspended ceiling were added. Bei the anfangsverdacht phase incoming and outgoing travel checks take it place bei the terminal facilities. A little later on, a separate building zum border checks was constructed on die station forecourt – ns legendary ‘Palace von Tears’. The nennen was coined von popular demand because it was here that travellers from die West would say goodbye kommen sie their GDR relatives before returning home.

After the fall of the berlin Wall, the area was discovered von the creative fraternity who offered it nach oben to the summer von 2006. Then comprehensive construction work began.

One-time Ghost Stations

During ns period when the stadt was partitioned, trains would run without avoiding through a number des underground und suburban stations in the eastern sector of Berlin. Two underground lines und one suburban route reduced through ns Central ar which formed part des the East. They began bei the west sector and, ~ transit of the East, resumed their journey in the West.

The train station were dubbed “ghost stations“, primarily because von the eerie emotion they evoked during ns journey as a result des travelling v a dimly lit yet greatly guarded sector. An the Friedrichstraße und the Chausseestraße bei the eastern sector, passers-by to be able to hear ns subterranean thoroughfares. The zuerst ghost station kommen sie be re-opened was (line U 8) on 11th november 1989 , 2 days after the fall of the berlin Wall.

Castle Schönhausen

In die period of the ‘Wende’, the “Round Table“ (as it was known) held interim meetings v representatives of the civil civil liberties movement and the GDR government an buildings adjoining castle Schönhausen in the pankow Castle park on die Ossietzkystraße during 1989/1990. This was so the scene von substantial parts von the Two-Plus-Four negotiations. Heute there is a memorial plaque commemorating this period. Ns Castle now zu sein open to die public.

The Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial

On the site von the earlier main Remand Centre von the Ministry for State Security hinweisen Genslerstraße 66, there is a memorial website which has actually been there since 1994. Because major sections von the building and the facilities have survived practically intact, die memorial site imparts a highly authentic picture of the prison regime in the GDR. A visit to die former stasi prison is only possible within die context von a guided tour.

Official tours weil das individuals without advance reservation take place from Monday to Friday hourly bolzen 11 in and 3.00 pm, and hourly top top Saturdays und Sundays between 10.00 in and 4.00 pm. Bei English guided tour is available täglich at 2.30 pm.

In ns beginning des October 2013, the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial has actually opened a neu permanent exhibition. 500 exhibits choose photos, letters from detainees or signs give aside native tours in additional understanding into ns experiences of former detainees and the history von the Stasi-prison. Zum the zuerst time, the Memorial will so present ns world von the offenders in a different part of the exhibition von showing brief biographies von former Stasi-employees from ns prison administration or interrogation. On die occasion von the neu permanent exhibition, die building of the former Stasi-prison management und the alt rooms des the prison governors to be renovated true to original: a previous telephone system, a patterned background or dark furniture will an this means lively nur visitors what day-to-day life bei the prison was like.

Permanent exhibition „Daily life in the GDR“

The new permanent exhibition transaction with ns history von the product- und everyday life-culture in the GDR und illustrates v furniture, photos, books and cars the daily life des the Germans an the socialist country. Ns exhibits nur which strategies the people in the GDR applied to deal with ns political ideology und how they to be stretched zu their limits von finding normality an a system full of surveillance and instructions.


Since 2005, visitors von the museum tun können already kommen sie to see the “Collection des Industrial Design”, which display screens everyday things and design objects during die GDR. Ns broad range des exhibits shows creative ambitions and also manufacturing problems and supply gaps during this time bei former ost Germany. A woman an the district Prenzlauer berg for example created her own mode line, which was very rare in the former GDR. Produziert success kann sein be viewed as a large exception in the politics system von the GDR.


Museum hinweisen Kulturbrauerei

Knaackstraße 97, 10435 Berlin

Tuesday zu Sunday 10.00 am – 6.00 pm, Thursday 10.00am – 8.00pm

U2 Eberswalder Str.





Building 1 von the unternehmen complex des the Ministry weil das State Security of the GDR (MfS) in Berlin-Lichtenberg, wherein Erich Mielke, the last Minister, once resided, ist where die Normannenstraße Research and Memorial Site, known heute as the stasi Museum, kann be found. Alongside Mielke’s offices, which oase to a significant extent to be maintained an their original condition, the operational technique des the MfS, concealed cameras, microphones und weapons bear witness to ns ubiquitous spying to work inflicted on the people of the GDR. An in similar way on view zu sein the very quaint collection of items von the MfS, such as banners, medals, busts des Lenin and portraits.

The irreversible exhibition bei the Stasi-Museum handle with die history des the Jehovah’s Witnesses an the Soviet occupation ar examines the former GDR from a different perspective. The exhibition mirrors how the “Bible Students” practiced their belief bei the underground des the GDR und which strategies the Ministry of State defense used to suppress them.


Ruschestraße 103, haus 1, 10365 Berlin-Lichtenberg


The stasi Museum has actually closed from 6 October 2014 weil das refurbishment. From 15 January 2015, a new exhibition around the east Germany Ministry zum State Security möchte open in Building 1 at the site. During ns remodelling, parts des the permanent collection as well as the exhibition "The tranquil Revolution in Leipzig" native the leipzig Stasi Museum will be ~ above display bei Building 22, i beg your pardon stands opposite structure 1.

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Monday zu Friday 10.00 bei der – 6.00 pm

Saturday, Sunday and Holidays 12.00 pm – 6.00 pm

DDR Museum

The DDR Museum close zu Museum island presents the jeden tag life in the previous GDR. The motto of ns museum zu sein “Hands ~ above History”, a rule that kann be bring away literally: whether watching TV in a GDR-living room, rummaging in drawers or driving bei a Trabant v a simulated area of prefabricated houses – here, every visitor is encouraged zu experience the daily life in the GDR first-hand. Bei addition, ns museum does not only offer guided tourism within the exhibition, but deshalb to necessary historical sites in the stadt itself. Due kommen sie its high level of interactivity, die museum ist especially suitable zum children and families, but so impressively coveys older visitors 40 years des GDR-history.


Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 1, 10178 Berlin

Monday zu Sunday 10.00 am – 8.00 pm, Saturday 10.00 bei der – 10.00 pm



Special Guided Tours

The traces des the Wall und the previous GDR can also be experienced outside des a museum. The berlin Wall Memorial offers special guided tourism that show the previous presence of the Wall an Berlin’s urban image. An cooperation with Stern- und Kreisschiffahrt, theme-specific tours on ns water möchte be offered. Water- and Wall geschichte die separated berlin will it is in told. In occasion des the Day des the open Heritage Site, more special guided tours will be offered with ns topic “Cultural heritage preservation for in uncomfortable monument”.