Familie krupp villa hügel

Encompassing 269 rooms und 8,100 square metres of living and usable space, and surrounded by a 28 hectare park: die Villa Hügel is much much more than in imposing entrepreneur’s residence – it ist a symbol von the Age des Industrialisation in Germany.

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Upon die death des his father, Friedrich (1787–1826), Alfred Krupp (1812–1887) take it over frühen zeitpunkt responsibility zum the Fried. Krupp steel works at the age von 14 – with substantial success. Over the following decades, that expanded the firm till it had come to be one des the most important industrial enterprises of the nineteenth century. It was deshalb according kommen sie his plans that the Villa Hügel was constructed bolzen 1870 und 1873, as a residence and refuge for his family, but deshalb as a worthy setting zum representation, receptions und celebrations. It was a place weil das family life – however at the same time it held emperors und kings, unternehmen leaders indigenous around the world, politicians und heads von state from numerous nations, and also scientists and artists.


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The construction of the Villa Hügel und its park was a matt dear to Alfred Krupp’s heart weil das the tonnage twenty years von his life. Based upon his very own sketches and designs, a building was constructed that was primarily intended kommen sie meet practical criteria – together was ns owner’s wish. Krupp thought that ns formal design of die residence should take 2nd place kommen sie practical considerations. He collection down ns overall ide – a residence and guest residence with a connecting tract – in initial sketches as early on as 1864; however, the only concentrated intensively on the building project beginning bei 1869. Despite the advice of numerous professional professionals the he need to commission a great architect zu freely develop an overall plan, Alfred Krupp wanted to entwurf the Villa Hügel specifically according kommen sie his very own notions of ‘comfort and convenience’.




In januar 1873, Alfred Krupp moved into the new residence v his wife, Bertha, und his son und heir, Friedrich Alfred. His contemporaries described the house together simple und plainly furnished. Zum its time, however, it contained some revolutionary innovations: What zu sein not immediately noticeable from the outside ist the meticulous care und enormous mitarbeiter commitment v which Krupp planned und developed die entire complex – and above all, ns complicated structure technology. One example zu sein the heating and ventilation system – which, however, did notfall function fine enough to make year-round living bei the home tolerable until years after die family had actually moved an and adhering to repeated upgrades. Apropos heater system: Alfred Krupp at first named his home ‘Bredeneyer Gut’ (‘Bredeney Manor’), but the nennen ‘Villa Hügel’ was already gift used in a book of ‘Instruction für das Bedienung ns Heizungs- und Ventilations-Einrichtungen in der Villa Hügel ns Herrn A. Krupp’ (‘Instructions zum the Use des Heating und Ventilation Facilities in Mr. A. Krupp’s Villa Hügel’) date 1872/73.


The following generation: Beginning in 1888, Friedrich Alfred (1854–1902) und Margarethe Krupp (1854–1931) redesigned die interior von the residence kommen sie be viel more splendid and comfortable. Through their two daughters, Bertha und Barbara, born bei 1886 und 1887, respectively, a young family now lived in the Villa. They converted the house into a private living area und official function rooms according to their needs. Weil das the family’s use too as for their numerous guests, tennis courts, stables and riding facilities, reading rooms und playrooms were added – and even a building zum socialising accommodating a bowling alley und library.



Friedrich Alfred and Margarethe Krupp laid the foundation for an art arsenal and in extraordinary collection von Flemish tapestries date from ns period between 1500 und 1760.

Decoration and ornamentation: one more renovation von the Villa followed approximately 1900 – for more living space and more comfort. An addition zu the fasst of mezzanines weil das additional rooms, ns cladding of the interior with wood panelling zu sein worth mentioning. Bei the lower Hall, stucco ornament bei the nett Nouveau style was added to ns ceiling and the stole columns. Ns iron staircase was replaced v a wood stairway special carved, interlaced motifs in the style of the Renaissance. On ns west side, a different apartment, known as die ‘bower’, was built zum the two adolescent daughters, Bertha und Barbara, consisting of a big shared living room v adjoining bedrooms and toilets, a bathroom and a walk-in closet and two guest apartments with nett Nouveau decor.

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Life at ns Villa Hügel was busier with this second generation of inhabitants. This is deshalb evidenced by the sharply enhancing number von servants. While in 1876 the owner regulated with nur 66 employees, bei 1902 his boy employed 570 people to manage the property. At the beginning von the first World War, his granddaughter Bertha had 648 civilization working in her service.


the taste staircase with fireplace and seating area, about 1900

At the age of just 16, Bertha became die heiress kommen sie the international company following herstellung father’s at an early stage death in 1902. 4 years later, she married ns diplomat Gustav by Bohlen und Halbach and became the head des the household at the Villa Hügel. V their 7 children, die young pair brought new life into ns Villa and the park, yet they also made various demands on the residence’s usage und design. Ns company was yielding fantastic profits at that time, allowing Bertha und Gustav Krupp über Bohlen und Halbach zu commission ns most substantial renovations zu date. They called ~ above Emperor williams II’s court architect, renowned nett historians and the an extremely best artisan firms weil das advice, planning, und execution des the work. Thus, betwee 1913 and 1916, ns Villa Hügel took on die appearance that has actually been maintained hoch to die present day – through its sheltered driveways, the elaborate interior design of the Upper and Lower Halls as well as a picture gallery. An the upper Hall, the wall decor was designed kommen sie match die newly acquired Flemish tapestry collection ‘The 7 Liberal Arts’.


The Villa reflected die German Empire’s prevailing notion von sumptuous living bei its ideologen form. Nevertheless, die Krupp family remained true zu its maxims des a down-to-earth lifestyle and strict child-rearing. Hospitality remained ns defining element des the house, which organized a nearly consistent stream des private und business guest from Germany und abroad – especially nach oben until 1914.


The Villa Hügel weathered the economic und political crises of the next three decades nearly unchanged. Structure changes and new acquisitions however receded into die background during this period: ns firm’s economic position was auch poor; die times were too uncertain. Bei 1943 Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach took over ns Fried. Krupp AG company as single proprietor. He was kommen sie be the belastung member of the family zu live bei the Villa. An April 1945, the advancing American forces arrested die owner, seized the entire property, und made it the seat des the allied Coal regulate Commission. Die Villa was notfall returned to die family until July 1952.


The Villa Hügel would never again serve die family together a residence. After the Allies departed, Alfried Krupp über Bohlen und Halbach and his mother, Bertha, made the house easily accessible to die general public, particularly weil das use in the doktortitel of art, science, and culture. The first major art exhibition was held below as early as 1953, und further around the world recognised exhibitions followed. An 1984 Berthold Beitz founded ns Kulturstiftung Ruhr (Ruhr cultural Foundation) v its headquarters at die Villa und the aufgabe to ‘bring new momentum to ns cultural life von the Ruhr region’. Die Kulturstiftung Ruhr proceeds the zoll of major exhibitions at die Villa Hügel kommen sie this day.

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The Krupp historical Archive ist based in the Guest House. As ns oldest business archive an Germany, the comprises bei extensive array des documents und outstanding collections von historical industrial photographs and films. Bei addition, ns Guest House so contains a long-term exhibition committed to the history von the Krupp dynasty and the Alfried Krupp über Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung


at an early stage company tagebuch - publication des the zuerst "Kruppsche Mitteilungen" in 1910

The Krupp historic Archive


9,800 metres of shelves


The Krupp historical Archive zu sein the oldest unternehmen archive in Germany, looking rückseitig on a history von over 100 years. As early on as 1905, the firm Fried. Krupp AG and the owner family created a company and a family members archive, i m sorry were combined at die Villa Hügel bei 1955 to form the Krupp historical Archive. Die archive serves the Alfried Krupp by Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung and the thyssenkrupp company as a irreversible memory bank. In addition, researchers, media representatives, federal government agencies und private citizens so make use von the archive with its 2.5 million photographs, files and artefacts.