Bücherverbrennung 10. mai 1933

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A member von the SA litter confiscated publications into ns bonfire during ns public burning of "un-German" publications on ns Opernplatz bei Berlin. —United claims Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of national Archives und Records Administration, university Park


Introduction

On may 10, 1933 student groups weist universities throughout Germany lugged out a series des book burnings von works that ns students and leading nazi party members relevant with in “un-German spirit.” enthusiastic crowds witnessed die burning von books von Brecht, Einstein, Freud, Mann und Remarque, among many other well-known intellectuals, scientists und cultural figures, many des whom were Jewish. Ns largest des these book bonfires occurred in Berlin, where bei estimated 40,000 civilization gathered to hear a speech von the propaganda minister, joseph Goebbels, an which that pronounced the “Jewish intellectualism ist dead” and endorsed the students’ “right zu clean up ns debris of the past.”

The an answer to die book burnings was immediate und widespread. Counter demonstrations take it place in New York und other American cities, including Philadelphia, Cleveland, und Chicago. Journalists bei the American and world drücken sie expressed shock and dismay hinweisen these assaults on German pundit freedom, und various authors wrote bei support of their assaulted German brethren. Artists, writers, doctors, und other pundits fled Germany, prompted über the barbarity des the book burnings und by proceeding acts of nazi- persecution.

Du schaust: Bücherverbrennung 10. mai 1933

Such barbarity was nur the beginning, however.

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One kann see in retrospect how ns book burnings und other steps zu remove “Jewish influence” indigenous German organizations foreshadowed viel more catastrophic nazi plans for the Jews des Europe. Eerily, among die books consigned to ns flames bei 1933 were die works of the nineteenth century Jewish poet heinrich Heine, who bei 1822 penned die prophetic words, “Where castle burn books, castle will, bei the end, burn humans too.”

The complying with bibliography was compiled to guide readers kommen sie selected products on the 1933 book burnings that space in die Library"s collection.

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It is not meant to be exhaustive. Annotations are provided to help ns user determine die item’s focus, und call numbers weil das the Museum’s Library room given bei parentheses adhering to each citation. Those unable zu visit might be able kommen sie find this works an a surrounding public library or acquire them v interlibrary loan. Follow ns “Find an a library near you” link in each citation and enter her zip code at the open WorldCat find screen. Die results des that search show all libraries an your area that very own that certain title. Talk to your regional librarian zum assistance.

Background Information

Book Burnings of 1933

English

German

Related Works

English

German

Film and Video

Online Resources

Additional Resources

Subject Files

Ask at ns reference desk to seen the following subject files for newspaper and periodical articles:

“Book burning - Germany”“Exiles 1933-1945”

Subject Headings

To find library catalogs or other electronic search tools for materials around the nazi book burnings und the fate von literature during ns Third Reich use die following Library des Congress subject headings zu retrieve the most relevant citations:

Book burningCensorship—GermanyExiles—GermanyGerman literature—Jewish authorsGerman literature—20th centuryNational socialism and literatureProhibited books—Germany

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